CURRENT RESEARCH AREAS
1) Natural resources in armed conflicts (“conflict resources”)
The first main research area of Martijn’s work is related to the role of natural resources as a source of funding in armed conflicts. In numerous civil wars, “conflict resources” help the belligerent parties to finance their war efforts (e.g. in the case of “blood diamonds” or minerals from the eastern Congo). In his recent research project GLONEXACO, Martijn looked to what extent the local dynamics of such armed conflicts can be influenced by global economic changes (e.g. prize shocks, sanctions etc.). At Yale, Martijn was an affiliated member of the research group “The Program on Order, Conflict and Violence”, led by Professor Stathis Kalyvas.
2) European Union Foreign Policy
Martijn’s second main research field is the EU’s Foreign Policy. In his work, he is studying the conflict prevention and crisis management policies of the EU with a specific emphasis on its activities with regard to natural resources. Martijn participates in the project EU-NORMCOM (Normative contestation in Europe: Implications for the EU in a changing global order) and is member of the research group “Observatory of European Foreign Policy” (both headed by Professor Esther Barbé).
3) The influence of the EU on support for secessionism in EU Member States
As a side project, Martijn studies, together with Diego Muro and Guillem Vidal, in the project EU-SCAT the impact of international factors on support for secession in Catalonia and Scotland. Both regions have strong pro-independence movements and the project studies to what extent the voters change their attitudes regarding secession, when confronted with different international scenarios. To this aim, a survey experiment with over 2,400 participants has been conducted in Catalonia and Scotland.
ARTICLES IN PEER REVIEWED JOURNALS
“The European Union and Natural Resources That Fund Armed Conflicts: Explaining the EU’s Policy Choice for Supply Chain Due Diligence Requirements”, 2018. Cooperation and Conflict, forthcoming.
“Mandatory Due Diligence for ‘Conflict Minerals’ and Illegally Logged Timber: Emergence and Cascade of a New Norm on Foreign Accountability” (with Lena Partzsch). 2016. The Extractive Industries and Society, Vol. 3, Issue 4, 978-986.
- “How do prospects of EU membership influence support for secession? A survey experiment in Catalonia and Scotland” (with Diego Muro). 2016. West European Politics, Vol. 39, Issue 6, 1115-1138.
- “Balancing fundamental rights protection and effective multilateralism: The EU and Zimbabwe’s Marange diamonds”. 2013. European Foreign Affairs Review, Vol. 18, Issue 4, 529-546.
- “An ever weaker Union? The European Union in Global Governance Institutions” (with Esther Barbé and Benjamin Kienzle). 2017. In: Henry F. Carey (ed.), The Challenges of European Governance in the Age of Economic Stagnation, Immigration, and Refugees. Lanham (MD): Lexington Books, 165-180.
- “Gobernanza y autoridades privadas”; In: Esther Barbé (ed.) La Unión Europea en las Relaciones Internacionales. 2014. Madrid: Tecnos, 415-433.
- “La UE y el régimen internacional de diamantes: ¿Perdedora en el Proceso de Kimberley?”. In: Esther Barbé (ed.) Cambio mundial y gobernanza global. La interacción entre la Unión Europea y las instituciones internacionales. 2012. Madrid: Tecnos, 199-215.
- Ni carne ni pescado: el perfil español en el ámbito de control de armas” (with Benjamin Kienzle). In: Esther Barbé (ed.) Entre la irrelevancia internacional y el aprendizaje institucional: La presidencia española de la Unión Europea. 2010. Bellaterra: IUEE, 93-98.
- “How do the Prospects of EU Membership Influence Support for Secession? A Natural Experiment” (with Diego Muro). 2014. Working Papers Online Series of the Department of Political Science and International Relations (Autonomous University of Madrid), no. 173/2015.
- “The Role of the European Union in the Processes to Ban Cluster Munitions”. 2010. Working Papers Observatori Política Exterior Europea, No.84, Bellaterra: IUEE.
- “The Spanish government must find a positive message for Catalonia if it is to reduce support for Catalan independence” (with Diego Muro), EUROPP: Blog of the London School of Economics on European Public Policy, 23 July 2014.
- “Ficar el nas a la cuina de la diplomacia”, Ara, 30 November 2010, 25.
WORK IN PROGRESS
Accepted Book Proposal
- “Violencia Política” (Political Violence), (co-edited with Lesley-Ann Daniels), Madrid: Tecnos.
- “Does the Prospect of International Recognition Influence Support for Secession? A Survey Experiment in Catalonia and Scotland” (with Diego Muro and Guillem Vidal, Nations and Nationalism).
- “Does Cutting Off Armed Groups’ Funding Make A Conflict More Violent? The Case Of ‘Conflict Minerals’ From The Democratic Republic Of The Congo”
- “How Well Are Internal Migrants Represented in Political Institutions? The Case of Spanish Migration to Catalonia”
- “Explaining violence in contested areas: From territorial control to shifts in territorial control” (with Juan Masullo).
- “Transparency Requirements as a Threat to Multilateral Structures? The Foreign Accountability Norm and the Changing Nature of Global Resource Governance”.
- “No Silver Bullet Solution: What Dilemmas Face Policymakers When Creating Measures Against Natural Resources That Fund Armed Conflicts?”
- “The Design of the Spanish Constitution as Simulation for a Comparative Studies Course” (with Lesley-Ann Daniels and Diego Muro)
- “How many “conflict resources” enter the western markets?” An input-output analysis (with Paul Wolfram)
- Book project: “European Union Contested: Foreign and Security Policy in a Changing World” (with Esther Barbé and Elisabeth Johansson-Nogués)